Definition of Safety
Safety is a condition that gives you freedom from hazard, risk, and accident which may cause injury, damage, and loss to material or property damage and even death. ( The condition or state of being safe, freedom from danger or hazard, exemption from hurt, injury, or loss).In simplest form Elimination of hazard is also known as safety.
What is Industrial Safety?
Industrial safety is primarily a management activity that is concerned with reducing, controlling, and eliminating hazards from the industries or industrial units. ( Industrial safety is defined as policies and protections put in place to ensure plant and factory worker protection from hazards that could cause injury). Safety must always be the primary concern for industrial facilities, from protecting employees from accidental injuries to protecting equipment from serious damage, which in turn may result in costly downtime and repairs.
Industrial safety management:
Industrial safety management is a section of management It includes the managerial function of Establishment of objectives, and the Process of planning, organizing, controlling, and directing to reduce or eliminate industrial mishaps, and also, they encourage workers to work safely. They play a vital role in industry by protecting employees and assets by minimizing hazards, risk, accidents, and near misses.
Why industrial safety is important?
- The basic need for safety in industry or any other field is to prevent the occurrence of mishaps and hazards that sometimes causes heavy loss of life, property, and environment.
- Each and every employee in the industry desire to work in a safe and protected atmosphere and it is the moral responsibility of the industry to look towards employee’s protection.
- Because every year millions of industrial accidents occur which result in loss of production time equivalent to lose in millions of man and machine hour.
- A serious workplace injury or death changes lives forever for families, friends, and co-workers. Human loss and suffering are immeasurable and intolerable that is why it is necessary to maintain industrial safety.
- Safety is important for protecting the environment against damage from industrial accidents and also for minimizing financial losses, property damage, accident, injury, and even death.
Industrial safety topics:
- General Safety
- Occupational Health and Safety
- Process Safety
- Material Safety Datasheet
- Workplace Safety
- Fire Safety
- Electrical Safety
- construction safety
- Ergonomics safety
- Working at height safety
- Chemical safety
- Radiation Safety
- Environmental Safety
Since 30,000 unsafe acts and the unsafe condition causes 3000 near misses or first-aid. 3000 near misses cause 300 minor accidents, 300 minor accident causes 30major accidents and 30 major accident causes 1 fatal. So it is very important to stop the creation of unsafe acts and unsafe conditions.
12 steps of full safety in industry
- Hazard analysis
- Use of PPE(Personal protective equipment)
- Use of sop (Standard operating procedure)
- Positive isolation
- Work permit system
- Gas safety
- Right tools and tackles
- Confined space permit
- Working at height
- Traffic rules
- Safety in multi activities
- Change management.
Some life saviong rules in industry
- Working under the influence of alcohol or illegal drugs
- Non-compliance to the rule of confined space
- Starting the job without a work permit /clearance
- Non-fulfillment of conditions essential to ensure safe welding and gas cutting.
- Tempering of locks in positive isolation.
Accident prevention methods
- 5 e’s for accident prevention
- Preventing unsafe acts
- Preventing unsafe conditions
- Safety tag system
- Safety in hose keeping
- Employees’ training in safety
- Hazard checklist
- Colour coding
- Motivating employees for safety
- Safety auditing
5 e’s for accident prevention
How to develop safety culture
- Management safety policy
- Total loss control management.
- Accident investigation.
- Plant and facility inspection.
- Statutory laws and standards.
- Safety committee meeting.
- Group meeting management.
- General safety promotion (posters, banners, signs, etc.)
- Personal protection.
- Supervisory training.
- Employee training.
- Selection and employment procedures.
- Reference library.
- Occupational health and hygiene.
- Fire prevention and loss control.
- Accident analysis.
- Personal safety communications.
- Job safety analysis (JSA)
- job safety Observations (JSO).
- Records and statistics.
- Emergency care.
- Product liability.
- Off-the-job safety.
- Incident recall and analysis.
- Traffic safety/transport.
- Security facility.
- Ergonomic application.
- Pollution and disaster control.
What is Nearmiss?
A near miss is an unplanned event that did not result in injury, illness, or damage but had the potential to do so.
What is Firstaid?
First aid is immediate skilled assistance given to the victim by a certified first aider in case of an accident, injury, or illness before medical aid is available.
What is Risk?
Risk is the combination of likelihood and consequence of a specific hazard event occurring (R=L*C).
What is an injury?
Injury is physical harm or damage to the body resulting from an exchange of (usually acute, mechanical, chemical, thermal, or other environmental) energy that exceeds the body’s tolerance.
What is Disabling injury?
Disabling injury is an injury causing death, permanent disability, or any degree of temporary total disability beyond the day of the injury.
What is an accident?
It is an unexpected or unplanned event that may or may not result in injury or damage or property loss or death.
What is personal protective equipment?
It is the equipment used to protect the person from hazards such as dust, dirt, fumes, and sparks, etc. It is the barrier between hazard and person.